TR 12:00-1:15 pm
Crosslisted with POLS 355X.
What is the best form of government? Who should have power and how much? What are my responsibilities to the state? Who counts as a member of our community? Our answers to questions like these are determined by political ideologies, systems of thought that shape how we understand our political communities and our roles as citizens of them. We will begin with an introduction to the concept of political ideology and various approaches to the study of ideologies. This will allow us to consider questions such as what constitutes an ideology, what distinguishes ideologies from other systems of thought, and what roles ideologies can and should play within political communities. We also will analyse examples of ideological writings representing important twentieth century political movements, including liberalism, fascism, communism, and socialism, as well as several more recently emerging ideologies such as fundamentalism, feminism, environmentalism, and anarchism. Common texts will include non-fiction, fiction, film, and other media.
Readings may include:
Isaiah Berlin, Two Concepts of Liberty.
Hannah Arendt, Ideology and Terror: A Novel Form of Government
Michael Walzer, Town Meetings and Workers Control
Noam Chomsky, The Relevance of Anarcho-Syndicalism
Michael Oakeshott, On Being Conservative
Benito Mussolini, The Doctrine of Fascism