American Ethnic Geography


A Selected Bibliography of the
Ethnic and Cultural Geography of the
United States and Canada


| Atlases | American Indians | Midland Subculture | Lower Southern Subculture | New England Subculture |
| Mormons | African Americans | Ethnic and Racial Mixtures | Hispanic Americans | German Americans |
| German Anabaptist Groups | Dutch Americans | Scandinavian Americans | Finnish Americans |
| Canadian French | Louisiana/Mississippi Valley French | Irish and Scotch-Irish Americans |
| Slavic Americans | Italian Americans | Jewish Americans | Asian Americans |
| Comparative and Cross-Cultural Studies | Settlement Morphology | Religion | Language |
| Agriculture | Folk Architecture | Politics | Music | Culture Regions and Boundaries |


SETTLEMENT MORPHOLOGY

Arreola, Daniel D. "Plaza Towns of South Texas." Geographical Review 82 (1992): 56-73.

Brush, John E. "The Hierarchy of Central Places in Southwestern Wisconsin." Geographical Review 43 (1953): 380-402.

Carlson, Alvar W. "Long-Lots in the Rio Arriba." Annals of the Association of American Geographers 65 (1975): 48-57.

French, Carolyn. "Land Survey and Land Acquisition in the Florida Parishes of Louisiana." Geoscience and Man 19 (1978): 111-121.

Fuguitt, Glenn V. "County Seat Status as a Factor in Small Town Growth and Decline." Social Forces 44 (1965): 245-251.

Hamlett, J. C. "Long-Lots in Washington County, Tennessee." Southeastern Geographer 3 (1963): 34-45.

Hart, John Fraser. "Land Division in America." In The Look of the Land, 45-66. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall, 1975.

Hudson, John C. "The Plains Country Town." In The Great Plains: Environment and Culture, eds. Brian W. Blouet and Frederick C. Luebke, 99-118. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 1979.

Jackson, Richard H. and Layton, Robert L. "The Mormon Village: Analysis of a Settlement Type." Professional Geographer 28 (1976): 136-141.

Johnson, Hildegard Binder. Order Upon the Land: The U.S. Rectangular Land Survey and the Upper Mississippi Country. New York: Oxford University Press, 1976.

________. "Towards a National Landscape." In The Making of the American Landscape, ed. Michael P. Conzen, 127-145. Boston: Unwin Hyman, 1990.

Jordan, Terry G. "Antecedents of the Long-Lot in Texas." Annals of the Association of American Geographers 64 (1974): 70-86.

________. "Land Survey Patterns in Texas." In Man, Culture, and Settlement: Festschrift to Prof. R. L. Singh, eds. Robert C. Eidt, Kashi N. Singh, and Rana P. B. Singh, 141-146. New Delhi and Ludhiana, India: Kalyani Publishers, 1977.

Nelson, Lowry. The Mormon Village: A Pattern and Technique of Land Settlement. Salt Lake City: University of Utah Press, 1952.

Nelson, . "Townscapes of Mexico: An Example of the Regional Variation of Townscapes." Economic Geography 39 (1963): 74-83.

Nostrand, R. "The Colonial New England Town." Journal of Geography 72 (1973): 45-53.

Pattison, W. D. Beginnings of the American Rectangular Land Survey System, 1784-1800. Chicago: University of Chicago Department of Geography, Research Paper No. 50, 1957.

Pillsbury, Richard. "The Urban Street Pattern as a Culture Indicator: Pennsylvania, 1682-1815. Annals of the Association of American Geographers 60 (1970): 428-446.

Powell, Sumner C. Puritan Village: The Formation of a New England Town. Middletown, CT: , 1963.

Price, Edward T. "The Central Courthouse Square in the American County Seat." Geographical Review 58 (1968): 29-60.

Rice, Cindy. "Spring City: A Look at a Nineteenth Century Mormon Village." Utah Historical Quarterly 43 (1975): 261-277.

Scofield, Edna Lois. "The Origin of Settlement Patterns in Rural New England." Geographical Review 28 (1938): 652-663.

Scott, Steven L. "Characteristics of Selected Great Plains County Seats." Geographical Perspectives 55 (Spring, 1985): 69-83.

Simmons, M. "Settlement Patterns and Village Plans in Colonial New Mexico." Journal of the West 8 (1969): 7-21.

Spencer, Joseph E. "The Development of Agricultural Villages in Southern Utah." Agricultural History 14 (1940): 181-189.

Stafford, Howard A. "The Functional Bases of Small Towns." Economic Geography 39 (1963): 165-175.

Stanislawski, Dan. "Early Spanish Town-Planning in the New World." Geographical Review 37 (1947): 94-105.

Thrower, Norman J. W. Original Survey and Land Subdivision: A Comparative Study of the Form and Effect of Contrasting Cadastral Surveys. Chicago: Rand McNally, 1966.

Trewartha, Glenn T. "Some Regional Characteristics of American Farmsteads." Annals of the Association of American Geographers 38 (1948): 196-225.

________. "Types of Rural Settlement in Colonial America." Geographical Review 36 (1946): 568-596.

________. "The Unincorporated Hamlet: One Element of the American Settlement Fabric." Annals of the Association of American Geographers 33 (1943): 32-81.

Warren, Nancy H. Villages of Hispanic New Mexico. Sante Fe: , 1987.

Wilhelm, E. J., Jr. "Folk Geography of the Blue Ridge Mountains." Pioneer America 2, no. 1 (January, 1970): 29-40.

________. "Folk Settlement Types in the Blue Ridge Mountains." Keystone Folklore Quarterly 12 (1967): 151-174.

________. "Folk Settlements in the Blue Ridge Mountains." Appalachian Journal 5 (1978): 204-245.

Wood, J. S. "The New England Village as Settlement Ideal." Annals of the Association of American Geographers 81 (1991): 32-50.

________. "The New England Village in the Federal Period." Journal of Historical Geography 10 (1984): 331-356.

________. "The Three Faces of the New England Village." North American Culture 3 (1987): 3-14.

________. "Village and Community in Early Colonial New England." Journal of Historical Geography 8 (1982): 333-346.

Zelinsky, Wilbur. "The Pennsylvania Town." Geographical Review 67 (1977): 127-147.




RELIGION

Ainsley, W. Frank, Jr. and Florin, John W. "The North Carolina Piedmont: An Island of Religious Diversity." West Georgia College Studies in the Social Sciences 12 (1973): 30-34.

Bradley, Martin B., and others. Churches and Church Membership in the United States, 1990. Atlanta, GA: Glenmary Research Center, 1992.

Brunn, S. D. and Wheeler, J. O. "Notes on the Geography of Religious Town Names in the United States." Names 14 (1966): 197-202.

Carroll, Jackson W.; Johnson, Douglas W.; and Marty, Martin E. Religion in America, 1950 to the Present. San Francisco: Harper and Row, 1978.

Gaustad, Edwin Scott. Historical Atlas of Religion in America. New York: Harper and Row, 1962.

Halvorson, P. L. and Newman, W. M. Patterns in Pluralism: A Portrait of American Religion. Washington, DC: Glenmary Research Center, 1980.

________. Atlas of Religious Change in America, 1952-1990. Atlanta, GA: Glenmary Research Center, 1994.

Heatwole, Charles A. "The Unchurched in the Southeast, 1980." Southeastern Geographer 25 (1985): 1-15.

Hill, Samuel S. "Religion and Region in America." Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science 480 (July, 1985): ?

Hopple, L. C. "A Religious and Geographical History of the Shakers." Pennsylvania Folklife 39 (1989-90): 57-72.

Jordan, Terry G. "A Religious Geography of the Hill Country Germans of Texas." In Ethnicity on the Great Plains, ed. Frederick Luebke, 109-128. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 1980.

________. "Forest Folk, Prairie Folk: Rural Religious Cultures in North Texas." Southwestern Historical Quarterly 80 (1976): 135-162.

________. Texas Graveyards: A Cultural Legacy. Austin: University of Texas Press, 1982.

Kosmin, Barry A. and Lachman, Seymour P. One Nation Under God: Religion in Contemporary American Society. New York: Harmony Books, 1993.

Meyer, Judith W. "Ethnicity, Theology, and Immigrant Church Expansion." Geographical Review 65 (1975): 180-197.

Mooers, Richard E. "Positively and Negatively Permeable Political Barriers to the Expansion Diffusion of Unitarianism in Early New England." Proceedings of the Middle States Division, Association of American Geographers 9 (1975): 21-25.

Newman, William M. and Halvorson, Peter L. Patterns in Pluralism: A Portrait of American Religion, 1952-1971. Washington, D.C.: Glenmary Research Center, 1980.

Quinn, D. Michael. "Religion in the American West." In Under an Open Sky: Rethinking America's Western Past, eds. William Cronon, George Miles, and Jay Gitlin, 145-166. New York: W. W. Norton & Co., 1992.

Raitz, Karl B. "Theology on the Landscape: A Comparison of Mormon and Amish-Mennonite Land Use." Utah Historical Quarterly 41, no. 1 (1973): 23-34.

Shortridge, James R. "A New Regionalization of American Religion." Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion 16 (1977): 143-153.

________. "Patterns of Religion in the United States." Geographical Review 66 (1976): 420-434.

________. "The Pattern of American Catholicism." Journal of Geography 77 (1978): 56-60.

Smith, Timothy. "Religion and Ethnicity in America." American Historical Review 83 (1978): 1155-1185.

Stanislawski, Dan. "Dionysus Westward: Early Religion and the Economic Geography of Wine." Geographical Review 65 (1975): 427-444.

Stein, Gregory P. "Ethnicity and the Growth of the Roman Catholic Church in the Buffalo, New York, Urbanized Area." Proceedings of the Middle States Division, Association of American Geographers 8 (1974): 111-114.

Stump, Roger W. "National Parishes as an Index of Catholic Ethnicity." Proceedings of the Middle States Division, Association of American Geographers 17 (1983): 87-96.

________. "Patterns of Survival among Catholic National Parishes, 1940-1980." Journal of Cultural Geography 7, no. 1 (1986): 77-97.

________. "Regional Divergence in Religious Affiliation in the United States." Sociological Analysis 45 (1984): 283-299.

________. "Regional Migration and Religious Commitment in the United States." Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion 23 (1984): 292-303.

________. "Regional Variations in Denominational Switching Among White Protestants." Professional Geographer 39 (1987): 438-449.

________. "Toward a Geography of American Civil Religion." Journal of Cultural Geography 5 (1985): 87-95.

Tatum, Charles E. and Sommers, Lawrence M. "The Spread of the Black Christian Methodist Episcopal Church in the United States, 1870-1970." Journal of Geography 74 (1975): 343-357.

Tweedie, Stephen W. "Viewing the Bible Belt." Journal of Popular Culture 11 (1978): 865-876.

Vogeler, Ingolf. "The Roman Catholic Culture Region of Central Minnesota." Pioneer America 8 (1976): 71-83.

Zelinsky, Wilbur. "An Approach to the Religious Geography of the United States: Patterns of Church Membership in 1952." Annals of the Association of American Geographers 51 (1961): 139-193.




LANGUAGE

Bastian, Robert W. "Generic Place-Names and the Northern-Midland Dialect Boundary in the Midwest." Names 25 (1977): 228-236.

Burrill, Meredith F. "Toponymic Generics." Names 4 (1956): 129-137, 226-240.

Carver, Craig M. American Regional Dialects: A Word Geography. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 1987.

Gelling, Margaret. Places-Names in the Landscape. London: Dent, 1984.

Hall, William S. Culture and Language: The Black American Experience. Washington, D.C.: Hemisphere Pub. Corp., 1975.

Hankey, Clyde T. A Colorado Word Geography. American Dialect Society Publication 34.

Kurath, Hans. A Word Geography of the Eastern United States. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 1949.

________. "Dialect Areas, Settlement Areas, and Culture Areas in the United States." In The Cultural Approach to History, ed. Caroline F. Ware, 331-345. New York: Columbia University Press, 1940.

McMullen, E. Wallace. "The Term Prairie in the United States." Names 5 (1957): 27-46.

Meyer, Alfred H. "Toponomy in Sequent Occupance Geography, Calumet Region, Indiana- Illinois." Proceedings of the Indiana Academy of Science 54 (1945): 142-159."

Miller, J. L. "The Naming of the Land in the Arkansas Ozarks: A Study in Culture Processes." Annals of the Association of American Geographers 59 (1969): 240-251.

Parsons, James J. "Hillside Letters in the Western Landscape." Landscape 30, no. 1 (1988): 15-33.

Raup, H. F. "The Names of Ohio's Streams." Names 5 (1957): 162-168.

West, Robert. "The Term 'Bayou' in the United States: A Study in the Geography of Place Names." Annals of the Association of American Geographers 44 (1954): 63-74.

Wood, Gordon R. Vocabulary Change: A Study of Variation in Regional Words in Eight of the Southern States. Carbondale: Southern Illinois University Press, 1971.

Zelinsky, Wilbur. "Generic Terms in the Place Names of the Northeastern United States." Annals of the Association of American Geographers 45 (1955): 319-349.

for a great many additional sources, see

Carver, Craig M. "Bibliography." In American Regional Dialects: A Word Geography, 277-290. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 1987.


| Atlases | American Indians | Midland Subculture | Lower Southern Subculture | New England Subculture |
| Mormons | African Americans | Ethnic and Racial Mixtures | Hispanic Americans | German Americans |
| German Anabaptist Groups | Dutch Americans | Scandinavian Americans | Finnish Americans |
| Canadian French | Louisiana/Mississippi Valley French | Irish and Scotch-Irish Americans |
| Slavic Americans | Italian Americans | Jewish Americans | Asian Americans |
| Comparative and Cross-Cultural Studies | Settlement Morphology | Religion | Language |
| Agriculture | Folk Architecture | Politics | Music | Culture Regions and Boundaries |

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Created by JTK. Last revised January 5, 1998.