Within the Chicago Manual of Style, there are two systems of documentation: (1) notes and bibliography and (2) parenthetical author-date citation. The notes and bibliography style is used mostly for literature, history, and the arts and will be the focus of this handout.

To cite in this style, three things are needed: (1) a superscript for each citation in the body of the text; (2) a corresponding footnote or endnote; (3) a bibliography. See Chapter 14.14 and Chapter 14.15 of the Chicago Manual of Style Online for a more thorough treatment. See the Chicago-Style Citation Quick Guide or Chapter 14.18 of the CMS Online for more examples. Punctuate, capitalize, italicize, and abbreviate as shown.

General Formatting

  • Paper must be double-spaced
  • 1″ margins on all sides
  • Double-space bibliography
  • Only the first line of each footnote or endnote is indented. Format all bibliographic entries as hanging indents (i.e., every line but the first one will be indented ½ inch)
  • Single-spaced footnotes or double-spaced endnotes
  • Single-space block quotes (use block quotes if quoting more than 100 words — six lines — or 2+ paragraphs)
  • Extra ½-inch margin on left side for block quote

Citation Rules: Books

 

With One Author

 

Full citation in a note

First Name Family Name, Title (Place of Publication: Publisher, Year of Publication), 10-12.

CMS-N&B-1
Shortened (and subsequent) citation in a note

CMS-N&B-2
Entry in a bibliography

Family name, First Name. Title. Place of Publication: Publisher, Year of Publication.

CMS-N&B-3


 

With Multiple Authors

 

Full citation in a note


Shortened (and subsequent) citation in a note


Entry in a bibliography


 

With Author plus Editor or Translator

 

Full citation in a note

CMS-N&B-7
Shortened (and subsequent) citation in a note

CMS-N&B-8
Entry in a bibliography

CMS-N&B-9


 

Citation Rules: Articles

 

In a Journal

 

Full citation in a note

CMS-N&B-10
Shortened (and subsequent) citation in a note

CMS-N&B-11
Entry in a bibliography

CMS-N&B-12


 

In an Online Journal

Please note: Chicago-Style does not require an access date for online periodicals, but some disciplines do require one. If you give an access date, it goes before the URL or DOI. If a document has a DOI, the DOI should be used instead of a URL.
Full citation in a note

CMS-N&B-13
Shortened (and subsequent) citation in a note

CMS-N&B-14
Entry in a bibliography

CMS-N&B-15


 

From a Database

 

Full citation in a note

CMS-N&B-16
Shortened (and subsequent) citation in a note

CMS-N&B-17
Entry in a bibliography

CMS-N&B-18

Print Friendly