CC 300 HX: Ancient and Medieval Philosophy
MWF 9:00-9:50 am
Cross-listed with PHIL 275
An introduction to the most important philosophers and philosophies of the ancient and medieval worlds, from the Pre-Socratics through William of Occam. The course focuses on Plato and Aristotle, and the reception of their thought by Jewish, Islamic and especially Christian thinkers such as Gregory of Nyssa, Augustine and Thomas Aquinas. To this end, we will explore the ways in which medieval thinkers used Greek philosophical ideas to articulate theological positions on such issues as the relationship between faith and reason, the existence and nature of God, the nature of the Trinity, the nature of morality, the problem of evil, God’s relationship to time, and attendant considerations about foreknowledge, providence, predestination, and free will. The course will also cover the ways in which different interpretations of Aristotle shaped the divergent theologies of the Eastern (Orthodox) and Western Christianity, and how the rejection of Aristotelianism in the late-medieval West set the stage for the emergence of Protestant theology.