Professor Emeritus of Law
J.D., University of Notre Dame (1968)
B.A., Loras College (1965)
Constitutional Law I & II
Civil Rights Legislation and Litigation
CIVIL RIGHTS LEGISLATION AND LITIGATION (update in 2012) (2009) [Textbook co-authored with Rosalie Levinson].
STATE AND LOCAL GOVERNMENT CIVIL RIGHTS LIABILITY (updated in 2012) (1987). [5 volume treatise, with annual supplement][co-authored with Rosalie Levinson] [annual supplements and significant updates and revisions since 2003].
The Risk of Complaining― Retaliation, 38 J.C. & U.L. 1 (2011).
Congress Needs to Repair the Court’s Damage to § 1983, 16 Tex. J. C.L. & C.R. 101 (2011).
Although Risky After Ricci and Parents Involved, Benign Race-Conscious Action is Often Necessary, 22 Nat’l Black L.J., (2010) (Columbia University Law School).
The Supreme Court as the Major Barrier to Racial Equality, 61 Rutgers L. Rev. 199 (2009).
Honors and Professional Activities
American Bar Association
Indiana Bar Association
American Civil Liberties Union
American Association for Justice